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Shigeharu

Description:
Nakamura Utaemon III (中村歌右衛門) as Kagekiyo (景きよ) manipulated in puppet fashion (ningyô-buri: 人形振) by the ningyô-tsukai Yoshida Senshi (吉田千四) as a dezukai (出つかい) in Musume Kagekiyo Yashima nikki (Yashima Diary of Kagekiyo's Daughter: 娘景清八島日記), Kado no Shibai, Osaka
Signature:
Gyokuryûtei Shigeharu ga (玉柳重春画)
Seals:
Block Carver: hori Kasuke (ホリカスケ) to right of signature
Publisher:
Wataki (Wataya Kihei: 綿屋喜兵衞)
Date:
5/1831
Format:
(H x W)
Ôban nishiki-e
37.5 x 25.3 cm
Impression:
Excellent with metallics and embossing on thick paper
Condition:
Excellent color and very good condition, unbacked; small repaired worm holes LR and LL corners
Price (USD/¥):
$650 / ¥ ... contact us

Order/Inquiry (Ref #SGH41)

Comments:
Background

Musume Kagekiyo Yashima nikki (Yashima diary of Kagekiyo's daughter: 娘景清八島日記) was one of various popular Kagekiyo mono (plays about Kagekiyo: 景清物). Dramatizations were adapted from the historical Heike general Taira no Kagekiyo (平景清), nicknamed "Akushichibyoe" (bad man of the seventh degree: 悪七兵ヘ景清) for killing his uncle (whom he mistook for his enemy, Minamoto no Yoritomo, 1147-99). Kagekiyo's original name was Fujiwara no Kagekiyo (藤原景清), but he was adopted by the Taira and served them loyally for the remainder of his days. He was a formidable warrior, but was captured at the pivotal naval battle at Dan-no-ura (Dan-no-ura no tatakai: 壇ノ浦の戦い) in 1185 when the Genji clan, led by Yoritomo, defeated the Heike forces. Exiled to a cave on Hyûga Island, Kagekiyo died of starvation in 1196. Despite being featured only briefly in the Heike monogatari (Tale of the Heike: 平家物語), a twelfth-century chronicle compiled from oral tradition in the late fourteenth century, Kagekiyo nevertheless assumed a prominent role in legend as well as in kabuki and puppet dramas.

Design

One of the curiosities of kabuki performance art is puppet mimicry ("doll movements": ningyô-buri 人形振), that is, gestures, acting, or dancing in kabuki that imitates the movements of puppets, with a stage assistant or actor who dresses as a ningyô-tsukai (puppeteer: 人形使い) and, standing behind the main actor while holding him, gestures as if he were operating a puppet. Far more uncommon are performances, such as the one depicted here by Shigeharu, in which a professional puppeteer joins the kabuki actor on stage. By revealing himself in this way, the omozukai ("head manipulator" or chief puppeteer: 主使い) also becomes a denzukai (one who shows himself on stage: 出つかい). When ningyô-buri is being performed, the actor does not speak his own lines. The artistic aim was to achieve ningyô rashisa (looking like a puppet). Certain scenes in a few kabuki plays were selected for this technique and are still performed today.

This design was carved by the legendary block cutter Yama Kasuke.

References: KNP-6, p. 244; IKBYS-II, no. 153; IKB 1-477; NKE, p. 426